Everyday Questions About CBD

As CBD becomes more and more commonplace, there is still a degree of confusion surrounding some of the terminology that is used in CBD products. Through-out our shops across the North-East as well as our flagship store in Aberdeen, we often get asked the same questions, so with that in mind, we’ve put together an update to our CBD FAQ, for you to read through and gain a better understanding of our products.

What do you mean by ‘Full Spectrum CBD’?

 This is a classic question that we get from customers all the time, and to answer it, we need to explain a little bit about the science behind hemp as a plant. CBD is only one of a wide variety of different cannabinoids present in hemp, so a product that contains ‘CBD isolate’ is CBD that has been scientifically separated from the other components of the plant.

At CBD Scotland, we like to stay as close to nature as possible, which is why a wide variety of our products come as ‘full spectrum’ cbd, meaning that the CBD has come straight from the plant, without undergoing any chemical separation from the hemp from which it came from.

What are Terpenes?

A lot of our customers who want to experiment with CBD vaping ask us about this. Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds that make up the magical, summer-time aroma of flowers, fruits and all things fresh. It is through the use of these natural terpenes that our CBD vape products can deliver such a fresh and fruity flavour.

Is Hemp and Marijuana the same thing?

Since the burst in popularity of CBD products, there has been a great deal of confusion surrounding the difference between marihuana and hemp. Strictly speaking they are both a subspecies of the Cannabis plant, but the key difference is in the amount of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinols) found in the plant. THC is the psychoactive substance found in cannabis that will get you high, and in marijuana THC content can be as much as 5-20%.

By comparison, Hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, meaning that ingesting hemp will not get you high, and is not illegal in the UK.


So, there you have some answers to some of the most common questions that we here at Scotland CBD get asked as part of our day to day life as one of Scotland’s leading suppliers of high-quality CBD products



Cannabidiol (CBD) is a popular cannabinoid (one of 113) which is derived from hemp plants. Using Co2 extraction, our products contain the purest form of CBD and 0% THC so they’re completely legal, safe and healthy to consume.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive component of cannabis and will never be found in our CBD products. That means you won’t have to worry about getting “high” or failing a drugs test, there are absolutely no harmful toxins whatsoever. With that said, let’s explore some of the key benefits of CBD oil.


As an entirely natural compound, CBD oil works in harmony with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) to regulate a number of physical functions. This contributes to a happier and healthier lifestyle over time, and one that we should all aspire to from an early age.


While there are a number of ways through which you can consume CBD, CBD oil is one of the most convenient forms. After all, you can carry this is in a handy little tincture in your pocket, enabling you to get your daily dosage while on the move and as you go about your daily business.

CBD oil represent the ideal food supplement

All of our products are sold as food supplements. So when you buy one of our CBD oils, you can easily add a few drops to your meals and consume your daily dosage with the minimum of fuss. Our oil can be added to drinks too such as smoothies, enabling you to get your daily CBD hit post-workout.


Cannabidiol (CBD) products could soon be classified as ‘novel foods’ and will need European Food Safety Authority’s approval. This which could mean millions of people will be prevented from buying products despite the huge benefits they are seeing.

We want to keep CBD on the market as a food supplement with #SAVECBD, you can also sign the petition HERE:


If it gets to 100,000 signatures the petition will be considered for debate in parliament but if the legislation goes through, we will be unable to sell cannabis edible products for up to 18 months.

Food Standards Agency recognizes CBD as “novel foods”

The Food Standards Agency (FSA) has made a change recently to the EU Novel Food Catalogue that affects some CBD products.

This is due to the fact food businesses have not been able to show that there was a significant history of consumption of these products in food and food supplements prior to May 1997 in the EU.

They state that all foods must receive authorization before going to market, but under EU regulations, CBD products classed as ”novel foods” go through an extra layer of vigorous testing, including tests to ensure they contain the ingredients listed. CBD is slowly but surely being blocked in the EU one market after the other.

The FSA are considering the way forward in light of this clarification at EU level. They are meeting with relevant industry representative bodies, local authorities and other stakeholders to clarify how to achieve compliance in the marketplace in a proportionate manner.



CBD Benefits for Epilepsy

As we have discussed in our previous blog, The Benefits of Using CBD, we made a small mention on how CBD oil could help to reduce the effects of seizures and epilepsy.

Seizures occur when there’s a dramatic fluctuation of electrical activity in the brain. A number of high-profile cases have raised awareness in the past year of CBD’s anti-seizure properties, particularly the most recent mention from Gogglebox stars’ Steph and Dom as they discussed their son’s epilepsy.

However, it’s only recently that science has been able to confirm this link. A study was carried out and published in The New England Journal of Medicine to explore the effects of CBD on young adults with Davet Syndrome. The trial saw participants split, some receiving CBD while others received a placebo. The participants who received the CBD saw their seizures drop by around 38.9%.

In June 2018 a brand of CBD was approved in the US by the United States Food and Drug Administration to treat two specific forms of epilepsy; Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS) and Dravet Syndrome. These two disorders are extremely difficult to treat, however taking CBD alongside other anticonvulsant medications has shown to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures among those with the disorders.

How it works

Seizures occur from erratic electrical activity in the brain that can spread and cause uncontrolled physical movements or alterations of consciousness. Most anticonvulsants work by slowing down excitatory nerve activity in the brain, but LGS and Dravet syndrome may be treated with anticonvulsants that are not typically used for most types of epilepsy and often require two or more anticonvulsants.

Although at this moment it is not completely clear why CBD can reduce some types of seizures, but it is known to have a range of biochemical effects on nerve cells in the brain, and some of these biochemical interactions may have a relationship with the effect of CBD on seizures.


CBD is often seen as a controversial treatment due to it being one of the components of marijuana. There are strong opinions about marijuana and there will always be talks in regard to legalisation for medical uses, as well as recreational use. At this time, cannabidiol has been proven effective for only a few medical conditions. Due to the side effects, it is recommended to be used with caution and should be thoroughly.

CBD and exercise?

You may have seen lots of chatter recently regarding CBD usage before-during-and after exercise. Lot’s of fitness influencers and gyms are beginning to promote it to better your workout; or ease the pain afterwards.

Bear in mind that each person’s tolerance when taking CBD will be different, meaning that one person using the same amount as another, won’t necessarily offer the same results.

Our bodies naturally produce endocannabinoids, which were actually named after cannabinoids – as the medical community found cannabinoids before finding endocannabinoids. You may have read about these in one of our previous blogs, but these compounds work with the receptors of your brain to regulate energy, balance, brain function, appetite and inflammation (and more).

It has been found that physical activity, including running on a treadmill, raises the level of a certain type of endocannabinoid called anandamide (AEA) – otherwise known as the ‘joy, bliss and happiness’ molecule. CBD is also known to increase AEA – meaning taking CBD could potentially reduce discomfort associated with exercise.

Growing muscle

Our bodies don’t naturally grow muscle as we have catabolic hormones that break muscle mass down. CBD supplements could help a person to accomplish their muscle building goal, as it could lower the number of catabolic hormones in the body.

Weight loss

CBD is essentially the opposite to the THC that features heavily in the cannabis plant, meaning that it doesn’t make you want to eat more. The product has been shown to help regulate a person’s blood sugar levels, and when these are lowered there is less fat-storing hormones produced by the pancreas – so less fat is stored.

This works similarly to those with anxiety issues, this can cause problems and throw off cortisol levels. If the cortisol levels are too high or low, this could end up with some unpleasant symptoms – including weight gain. CBD can also work to help regulate the levels of cortisol, helping with both weight loss and anxiety.


You’ve probably heard before that CBD supposedly helps with pain from injury or medical issues, but it’s also said to work with inflammation from workouts.


We all want a good sleep the night before or night after a strenuous workout, and CBD is said to be able to help with that. A good sleep is also a key factor in helping a person lose weight and build muscle. If you aren’t sleeping well, that’s telling you that your body isn’t functioning properly – which makes it difficult to burn off energy and build muscle in the right way.

Please note: Although there are multiple widely discussed benefits, there is no medical research to back that this is 100% proven to work for you. Please be sure to carry out research beforehand on the right type and amount to use if you wish to go ahead with this.

Is CBD oil legal?

Confusion exists regarding the various terms involved with CBD oil and Cannabis oil, and with products containing CBD becoming increasingly prominent, more people are wondering if CBD oil is actually legal. The issue can be confusing as CBD is a legal supplement, but comes from the cannabis plant which itself is a controlled drug which has psychoactive effects.

Marijuana is the breed of cannabis which contains THC. This is the chemical that produces a psychotropic effect known as a “high”. Conversely, hemp is the breed of cannabis which contains CBD (cannabidiol) which is non-psychoactive.

CBD is a natural hemp plant extract and is a non-intoxicating substance without any psychoactive inducing properties. There are very low levels of THC in CBD oil but at less than 0.2%, this will not have any effect.

In the UK, the Home Office stipulates that industrial hemp can be used for building materials and clothing, while CBD oil can be sold in the UK as it is a legal cannabinoid.

CBD Oil is thought to have medical qualities which help to relieve inflammation, reduce anxiety and provide relief from pain, although there have yet to be sufficient scientific studies to conclusively prove this.

In July 2019, the UK Home Secretary announced that medical produced derived from cannabis would be legal for patients with “an exceptional clinical need”, however as yet no official start date has been announced for this policy.

How CBD can combat anxiety

CBD oil is a concentrated version of the CBD compound, usually derived from hemp. It will not give the user the same ‘high’ as THC, but there are nevertheless health benefits from taking it, as increasing amounts of research show.

Through a review of scientific articles on CBD’s effects, it has been found to have similar effects to that of anti-anxiety medication.

For example, a 2013 study in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that CBD could produce a range of benefits including “acting as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent”, meaning it could be utilised as “potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.”

Some experts, however, have stressed that more information is still required, as many of the research trials showing benefits in these areas have been small, and there is still need for more data. However, it is correct to say the using CBD oil for anxiety and depression relief is a better solution than using marijuana. This is because CBD has a good safety profile and offers far fewer negative side-effects than the THC compound. Numerous studies and an accumulation of evidence from experimental and clinical studies suggest CBD has anti-anxiety properties, which may be beneficial in the treatment of various anxiety-related disorders including Panic attacks, OCD, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and mild to moderate depression.

Researchers in Brazil who conducted a study of patients with general social anxiety discovered a significant drop after consuming CBD, with brain scans showing cerebral blood flow patterns showing an anti-anxiety effect.

Results from animal studies have also begun to show how CBD affects the brain, and human studies are beginning to show the compound’s effectiveness as treatment for anxiety. Given the large costs in both financial and social terms of increasing levels of depression and anxiety in the modern world, there is a potential in CBD products to have a significant part to play in reducing this.

The World Health Organisation states that there is no harm associated with the use of CBD, but again further research and evidence is required before they can endorse its use as a medicine.

CBD oil has been shown to be successful as an anti-inflammatory product, and it is because of this that it can be utilised as a means of combatting anxiety and depression.

These disorders are not generally regarded as inflammation, but the field of research on what is known as the ‘cytokine’ model of cognitive function is exploring how inflammation may cause anxiety disorders.

Studies have found that CBD may reduce anxiety by affecting the parts of the brain involved in anxiety.

CBD Oil benefits for your skin

CBD Oil and skincare is being discussed more and more in the industry. It’s already known for its stress reducing, pain relieving and many other benefits, but it’s also great for skin-boosting use.

Forbes have indicated the Hemp Cannabis industry will be worth more than £1.5 billion by 2020.


Studies have shown that CBD oil’s potential for treating skin conditions such as eczema, are very high as it encourages abnormal cell death (abnormal cells are what causes the skin condition in the first place). It can also help regulate your skins oil production – which could help to significantly reduce acne, as well as containing nutrients such as Vitamin E to help improve and protect your skin from further damage.

Top 5 Benefits

There’s many reason’s that products containing CBD are becoming more and more popular, especially when you are getting the natural benefits of the hemp, without any of the psychoactive properties you would otherwise get when consuming the THC side of the plant.

  1. Vitamins

Adding products that contain CBD to your skincare routine means that you don’t have to worry about trying to consume more vitamins in your daily diet. Your skin will get all the Vitamin D & E that it requires through the oil – protecting it from any damage caused by the sun and keeping it firmer and tighter for longer. Not only that, it also contains some Vitamin A & D which can help with previously dry and flaky skin.

  1. Acne

CBD oil will provide necessary healthy fatty acids to your skin if applied regularly, which are often lacking those with acne. It also contains antibacterial properties which can help to treat infection, PLUS the fatty acids supplies protect and strengthen the top layer of your skin, resulting in your face looking fresher and more youthful.

  1. Brand New Skin

A study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology has expressed that cannabinoid receptors in the brain form a part of the endocannabinoid system. They can interact with the CBD oil to increase the growth of new skin cells as our bodies have a natural ability to do so. Meaning your body’s regenerative process will be boosted from the addition of CBD, so you will actually have younger skin.

  1. Skin Conditions

As mentioned above, CBD has been linked to help with skin conditions such as eczema, so why not try a natural alternative to man-made products? This has also been mentioned to help with dermatitis, while also hydrating and soothing dryness in your skin and help with the flaking and itching too! And although research is still ongoing, it has been used to help relieve symptoms of psoriasis, allergies and even skin cancer.

  1. Moisture

Hydration is key! And CBD oil is becoming natures most effective moisturiser due to the omega 3 and fatty acids it contains. It has shown to help clear up your dry skin whether it’s come from the topical change, or it’s a year-round think.


Want to know more about CBD? Read our blog post on the benefits of using it here.

Please note: Although there are multiple widely discussed benefits, there is no medical research to back that this is 100% proven to work for you. Please be sure to carry out research beforehand on the right type and amount to use if you wish to go ahead with this.

Coca-Cola containing cannabis?

According to Canada’s BNN Bloomberg, the world-renowned brand Coca-Cola are ‘in talks’ with Aurora Cannabis, a major Canadian marijuana producer, regarding the possibility of developing marijuana-infused beverages.

These talks come as Canada prepares to legalise cannabis for recreational use after many years.

In a statement, Coca-Cola had said, “Along with many others in the beverage industry, we are closely watching the growth of non-psychoactive cannabidiol as an ingredient in functional wellness beverages around the world”

Coca-Cola and Aurora would like to develop beverages that could help to ease inflammation, pain and cramping, but had also stressed that the drink would not get consumers high. Unlike other deals between cannabis producers and alcoholic brands that are aimed at making producing drinks to give consumers a “buzz”, similar to the effects of taking marijuana.

The research on the effects of CBD oil is ever growing, with people arguing that it can relieve conditions including arthritis and diabetes, and also beneficial for promoting sleep, boosting appetite as well as reducing stress, depression and anxiety.

Coca-cola have however insisted that ‘no decisions have been made at this time’ and that they would not comment on any further speculation. However, they did not confirm or deny the link with Aurora Cannabis.

A recent research study from scientists at King’s College in London also found that a single dose of CBD oil may help people with psychotic disorders by dampening down abnormal brain activity. A single dose reduced unusual patterns of neural behaviour linked to hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms of psychosis, researchers found this after examining brain scans.

So lets watch this space…

Your Pets & CBD

CBD is widely talked about all over the world, and it’s definitely something that is becoming more well-known and understood, but did you know that your pets could also benefit from the use of CBD? Just as it has helped humans, your dogs and cats could be reaping the same health boosting benefits.

Pets become a part of your family instantly, and when something goes wrong with their health, you want to do anything you can to help – which is where the use of CBD has come in for lots of people.

CBD has shown many benefits to dogs and cats health for many things, including:

  • Chronic conditions that cause a lot of pain, such as arthritis
  • Lack of appetite/not eating properly
  • Terminal illness such as cancer
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety & stress
  • Inflammatory conditions

The CBD oil does not contain the psychoactive compound, THC, that is active in the cannabis plant, meaning it will not get your pet ‘high’ and is completely safe and legal. The extensive amount of research carried out on the benefits and usage of CBD is growing quickly.

Dr Tim Schu, a veterinarian based in the United States who has his own CBD products specifically for pets said, “Many people are unaware that pets can safely and effectively benefit from cannabis oil using proper formulation and dosing. And it’s not just dogs and cats that can benefit, we’ve had ferrets, rabbits, pigs, rodents, and horses find therapeutic relief through cannabinoid therapy. I started VETCBD because as healthcare providers we should explore all potential therapeutic options for our clients, and if cannabis oil offers therapeutic benefits for animals, it is our duty to thoroughly evaluate that potential.”

A study carried out this year by Alexandra Greb and Birgit Puschner on the use of CBD infused pet treats showed that a staggering 93% of 632 participants felt the treats performed equally well or better than the usual forms of medicinal care.

There are even rescue centres using the products to calm their new arrivals with the change of habitat.

Please note: Although there are multiple widely discussed benefits, there is no current medical backing to confirm this type of treatment will definitely work on your pet. Please be sure to carry out research beforehand on the right type and amount to give to your animals if you wish to go ahead with this.

We hope to see this more openly discussed and used in the near future.

See the rest of our blog posts here.