Is CBD oil legal?

Confusion exists regarding the various terms involved with CBD oil and Cannabis oil, and with products containing CBD becoming increasingly prominent, more people are wondering if CBD oil is actually legal. The issue can be confusing as CBD is a legal supplement, but comes from the cannabis plant which itself is a controlled drug which has psychoactive effects.

Marijuana is the breed of cannabis which contains THC. This is the chemical that produces a psychotropic effect known as a “high”. Conversely, hemp is the breed of cannabis which contains CBD (cannabidiol) which is non-psychoactive.

CBD is a natural hemp plant extract and is a non-intoxicating substance without any psychoactive inducing properties. There are very low levels of THC in CBD oil but at only 0.3%, this will not have any effect.

In the UK, the Home Office stipulates that industrial hemp can be used for building materials and clothing, while CBD oil can be sold in the UK as it is a legal cannabinoid.

CBD Oil is thought to have medical qualities which help to relieve inflammation, reduce anxiety and provide relief from pain, although there have yet to be sufficient scientific studies to conclusively prove this.

In July 2019, the UK Home Secretary announced that medical produced derived from cannabis would be legal for patients with “an exceptional clinical need”, however as yet no official start date has been announced for this policy.

How CBD can combat anxiety

CBD oil is a concentrated version of the CBD compound, usually derived from hemp. It will not give the user the same ‘high’ as THC, but there are nevertheless health benefits from taking it, as increasing amounts of research show.

Through a review of scientific articles on CBD’s effects, it has been found to have similar effects to that of anti-anxiety medication.

For example, a 2013 study in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found that CBD could produce a range of benefits including “acting as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, antiemetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent”, meaning it could be utilised as “potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia.”

Some experts, however, have stressed that more information is still required, as many of the research trials showing benefits in these areas have been small, and there is still need for more data. However, it is correct to say the using CBD oil for anxiety and depression relief is a better solution than using marijuana. This is because CBD has a good safety profile and offers far fewer negative side-effects than the THC compound. Numerous studies and an accumulation of evidence from experimental and clinical studies suggest CBD has anti-anxiety properties, which may be beneficial in the treatment of various anxiety-related disorders including Panic attacks, OCD, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and mild to moderate depression.

Researchers in Brazil who conducted a study of patients with general social anxiety discovered a significant drop after consuming CBD, with brain scans showing cerebral blood flow patterns showing an anti-anxiety effect.

Results from animal studies have also begun to show how CBD affects the brain, and human studies are beginning to show the compound’s effectiveness as treatment for anxiety. Given the large costs in both financial and social terms of increasing levels of depression and anxiety in the modern world, there is a potential in CBD products to have a significant part to play in reducing this.

The World Health Organisation states that there is no harm associated with the use of CBD, but again further research and evidence is required before they can endorse its use as a medicine.

CBD oil has been shown to be successful as an anti-inflammatory product, and it is because of this that it can be utilised as a means of combatting anxiety and depression.

These disorders are not generally regarded as inflammation, but the field of research on what is known as the ‘cytokine’ model of cognitive function is exploring how inflammation may cause anxiety disorders.

Studies have found that CBD may reduce anxiety by affecting the parts of the brain involved in anxiety.

CBD Oil benefits for your skin

CBD Oil and skincare is being discussed more and more in the industry. It’s already known for its stress reducing, pain relieving and many other benefits, but it’s also great for skin-boosting use.

Forbes have indicated the Hemp Cannabis industry will be worth more than £1.5 billion by 2020.

Background

Studies have shown that CBD oil’s potential for treating skin conditions such as eczema, are very high as it encourages abnormal cell death (abnormal cells are what causes the skin condition in the first place). It can also help regulate your skins oil production – which could help to significantly reduce acne, as well as containing nutrients such as Vitamin E to help improve and protect your skin from further damage.

Top 5 Benefits

There’s many reason’s that products containing CBD are becoming more and more popular, especially when you are getting the natural benefits of the hemp, without any of the psychoactive properties you would otherwise get when consuming the THC side of the plant.

  1. Vitamins

Adding products that contain CBD to your skincare routine means that you don’t have to worry about trying to consume more vitamins in your daily diet. Your skin will get all the Vitamin D & E that it requires through the oil – protecting it from any damage caused by the sun and keeping it firmer and tighter for longer. Not only that, it also contains some Vitamin A & D which can help with previously dry and flaky skin.

  1. Acne

CBD oil will provide necessary healthy fatty acids to your skin if applied regularly, which are often lacking those with acne. It also contains antibacterial properties which can help to treat infection, PLUS the fatty acids supplies protect and strengthen the top layer of your skin, resulting in your face looking fresher and more youthful.

  1. Brand New Skin

A study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology has expressed that cannabinoid receptors in the brain form a part of the endocannabinoid system. They can interact with the CBD oil to increase the growth of new skin cells as our bodies have a natural ability to do so. Meaning your body’s regenerative process will be boosted from the addition of CBD, so you will actually have younger skin.

  1. Skin Conditions

As mentioned above, CBD has been linked to help with skin conditions such as eczema, so why not try a natural alternative to man-made products? This has also been mentioned to help with dermatitis, while also hydrating and soothing dryness in your skin and help with the flaking and itching too! And although research is still ongoing, it has been used to help relieve symptoms of psoriasis, allergies and even skin cancer.

  1. Moisture

Hydration is key! And CBD oil is becoming natures most effective moisturiser due to the omega 3 and fatty acids it contains. It has shown to help clear up your dry skin whether it’s come from the topical change, or it’s a year-round think.

 

Want to know more about CBD? Read our blog post on the benefits of using it here.

Please note: Although there are multiple widely discussed benefits, there is no medical research to back that this is 100% proven to work for you. Please be sure to carry out research beforehand on the right type and amount to use if you wish to go ahead with this.

Coca-Cola containing cannabis?

According to Canada’s BNN Bloomberg, the world-renowned brand Coca-Cola are ‘in talks’ with Aurora Cannabis, a major Canadian marijuana producer, regarding the possibility of developing marijuana-infused beverages.

These talks come as Canada prepares to legalise cannabis for recreational use after many years.

In a statement, Coca-Cola had said, “Along with many others in the beverage industry, we are closely watching the growth of non-psychoactive cannabidiol as an ingredient in functional wellness beverages around the world”

Coca-Cola and Aurora would like to develop beverages that could help to ease inflammation, pain and cramping, but had also stressed that the drink would not get consumers high. Unlike other deals between cannabis producers and alcoholic brands that are aimed at making producing drinks to give consumers a “buzz”, similar to the effects of taking marijuana.

The research on the effects of CBD oil is ever growing, with people arguing that it can relieve conditions including arthritis and diabetes, and also beneficial for promoting sleep, boosting appetite as well as reducing stress, depression and anxiety.

Coca-cola have however insisted that ‘no decisions have been made at this time’ and that they would not comment on any further speculation. However, they did not confirm or deny the link with Aurora Cannabis.

A recent research study from scientists at King’s College in London also found that a single dose of CBD oil may help people with psychotic disorders by dampening down abnormal brain activity. A single dose reduced unusual patterns of neural behaviour linked to hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms of psychosis, researchers found this after examining brain scans.

So lets watch this space…

Your Pets & CBD

CBD is widely talked about all over the world, and it’s definitely something that is becoming more well-known and understood, but did you know that your pets could also benefit from the use of CBD? Just as it has helped humans, your dogs and cats could be reaping the same health boosting benefits.

Pets become a part of your family instantly, and when something goes wrong with their health, you want to do anything you can to help – which is where the use of CBD has come in for lots of people.

CBD has shown many benefits to dogs and cats health for many things, including:

  • Chronic conditions that cause a lot of pain, such as arthritis
  • Lack of appetite/not eating properly
  • Terminal illness such as cancer
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Anxiety & stress
  • Inflammatory conditions

The CBD oil does not contain the psychoactive compound, THC, that is active in the cannabis plant, meaning it will not get your pet ‘high’ and is completely safe and legal. The extensive amount of research carried out on the benefits and usage of CBD is growing quickly.

Dr Tim Schu, a veterinarian based in the United States who has his own CBD products specifically for pets said, “Many people are unaware that pets can safely and effectively benefit from cannabis oil using proper formulation and dosing. And it’s not just dogs and cats that can benefit, we’ve had ferrets, rabbits, pigs, rodents, and horses find therapeutic relief through cannabinoid therapy. I started VETCBD because as healthcare providers we should explore all potential therapeutic options for our clients, and if cannabis oil offers therapeutic benefits for animals, it is our duty to thoroughly evaluate that potential.”

A study carried out this year by Alexandra Greb and Birgit Puschner on the use of CBD infused pet treats showed that a staggering 93% of 632 participants felt the treats performed equally well or better than the usual forms of medicinal care.

There are even rescue centres using the products to calm their new arrivals with the change of habitat.

Please note: Although there are multiple widely discussed benefits, there is no current medical backing to confirm this type of treatment will definitely work on your pet. Please be sure to carry out research beforehand on the right type and amount to give to your animals if you wish to go ahead with this.

We hope to see this more openly discussed and used in the near future.

See the rest of our blog posts here.

The Benefits of using CBD

There’s still a lot for us to learn about CBD, and whether it’s something we want to include in our daily lives. There are many benefits to using it, although there is no medical research to back this up, people are reporting the amazing effects of taking different forms of CBD.
Main benefits of CBD:

1. Pain Relief

As CBD contains an anti-inflammatory property it is great at relieving pain. It is known to reduce pain for many conditions such as; arthritis, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries and chronic and muscle pain.
It is considered that CBD interacts with the receptors in the brain and the immune system to help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

 

2. Reduce appearance of Acne

The effects of CBD on receptors in the immune system may help reduce overall inflammation in the body, including acne. Affecting more than 9% of the worlds population, acne is thought to be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, bacteria, underlying inflammation and the overproduction of sebum, an oily secretion made by the sebaceous glands in the skin.

 

3. Neuroprotective

CBD can be used to treat neurogenerative disorders such as; Alzheimer’s, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s and Strokes. It is believed that CBD’s ability to act on the endocannabinoid and other brain signalling systems may provide benefits for those with neurological disorders.

CBD is yet to be used by medical professionals to treat any condition, although one drug has been approved to treat Multiple Sclerosis, Sativex. An oral spray consisting of CBD and THC, Sativex has proven to be a safe and effective way to reduce muscle spasticity in people with MS. One study in particular found that Sativex reduced spasms in 75% of 276 people with MS who were experiencing muscle spasticity that was resistant to medications.

Another study found that after giving 214 people with severe epilepsy 0.9-2.3 grams of CBD oil per pound of body weight, their seizures reduced by around 36.5%.

 

4. Relieving Anxiety

Although CBD is most commonly used to treat physiological symptoms, there’s a growing number of research being carried out that indicates it can also be used in the treatment of a range of mental health conditions, including anxiety. A study carried out at the University of São Paulo found that CBD significantly reduces subjective anxiety, meaning “These results suggest that CBD reduces anxiety in social anxiety disorder and that this is related to its effects on activity in limbic and paralimbic brain areas.”

5. Cancer Treatment

Very early research has suggested that CBD may help alleviate cancer symptoms and cancer treatment side effects. CBD’s ability to moderate inflammation and change how cells reproduce is promising for cancer treatment.

CBD as well as some of the other compounds found in cannabis have an antitumor effect and can amplify the death of tumour cells in both colon cancer and leukaemia. In addition, investigations have shown that CBD can be used to stop the spread of cancer cells in cervical cancer. It is important to note that the vast majority of CBD and cancer studies are pre-clinical, meaning they’re not conducted on human or even mammalian test subjects, and the findings – while promising – should not be construed as conclusive proof that CBD can cure cancer.

 

6. Reduce the Chances of Developing Diabetes

In a study published by Neuropharmacology, researchers set out to explore what effect CBD would have on non-obese diabetes-prone female mice. Only 32% of mice that received the CBD were diagnosed with diabetes, compared to 100% of the untreated group.

 

7. Reducing Seizures / Reducing the effects of Epilepsy

Seizures occur when there’s a dramatic fluctuation of electrical activity in the brain. A number of high profile cases have raised awareness in the past year of CBD’s anti-seizure properties, but it’s only recently that science has been able to confirm this link. A study was carried out and published in The New England Journal of Medicine to explore the effects of CBD on young adults with Davet Syndrome. The trial saw participants spilt, some receiving CBD while others received a placebo. The participants who received the CBD saw their seizures drop by around 38.9%.

 

Although these are great benefits of using CBD, none of these claims are backed up with medical evidence. CBD has not been proven to cure any of these conditions and it should always be considered thoroughly before considering to use CBD to treat any conditions.

What happens when I take CBD?

How does CBD work?

Many of us have considered the use of CBD products, but as we are unsure of how it works we are put off the idea, regardless of whether it would work or not. To better understand why you should take CBD, it’s best to know how it works within your body.

 

How CBD Reacts with the Body

Within our bodies we have something called the endocannabinoid system. It runs deep and touches all the major systems of our body. Cannabinoids usually found in cannabis interact with the endocannabinoid system, making changes to our bodies such as altering and regulating our moods or stimulating appetites and reducing pain. CBD is one of the cannabinoids which is highly reactive to the endocannabinoid system, as it binds to the receptors in the body. It stimulates all sorts of changes and these are mostly beneficial, such as reducing pain. THC activates the CB1 and CB2 receptors, while CBD does not directly stimulate these receptors.

 

CB1 and CB2 Receptors

The receptors are activated by endocannabinoids and are grouped into two main categories, CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are mostly found in the central nervous system and can also be found in the liver, kidneys and lungs. Whereas CB2 receptors are part of the immune system and are also found in the hematopoietic blood cells. The CB1 receptors play a part in the psychoactive effects of THC. This compound stimulates the receptors releasing neurotransmitters and ultimately, “gets you high”. As well as this, CB1 receptors are involved in the lipogenesis process that takes place inside the liver, playing a role in the maintenance of the body’s equilibrium.

CB2 receptors affect the immune system. Studies suggest that it modulates the pain sensation, meaning it could play a role in various diseases such as liver and kidney problems and neurodegenerative diseases.

 

How does CBD work within the body?

CBD does not stimulate the CB1 and CB2 receptors; it activates other receptors within the body such as vanilloid, adenosine and serotonin. By activating the vanilloid receptor, cannabidiol plays a role in the mediation of body temperature, pain perception and inflammation. CBD then inhibits the FAAH enzyme, a compound that activates the CB1 receptor. CBD in return minimises the activation of CB1 by THC, reducing its psychoactive effects.

The use of highly concentrated CBD has shown to activate the serotonin receptor, producing high levels of anti-depressant effects. The same receptor is also involved in a number of processes from anxiety, appetite, pain perception and nausea to sleep and addiction mechanisms.

The anti-anxiety and anti-inflammatory effects of cannabidiol is due to the activation of the adenosine receptors. These receptors are also involved in the release of dopamine and glutamate, two neurotransmitters that play major roles inside the body. Dopamine is connected to motor control, cognition, reward mechanisms and motivation. While glutamate is connected to learning, cognition, being involved in memory and excitatory signals.

CBD blocks the CPR55 signalling, which decreases bone-absorption and cancer proliferation. It is present inside the brain and is linked with the modulation of bone density and blood pressure.

As mentioned, CBD blocks the psychoactive effects of THC. The positive effects of cannabidiol are not dependent on the presence of THC. This means you can take advantage of the health benefits of CBD, without also having to consume THC.

What is CBD?

What is CBD

CBD is something on everyone’s radar these days, but what is it?

“CBD is showing promise as a pain reliever, epilepsy treatment, and for wasting disease associated with cancer,” says Taz Bhatia, M.D., an integrative health expert. “It’s being promised to cure everything from anxiety to acne.”

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is a compound that can be found in the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants product more than 400 compounds, not all of these are unique to cannabis. Of those 400, more than 60 are totally specific to the plant genus cannabis. These are known as cannabinoids. CBD oil is what you get when you take cannabinoids from cannabis and mix them with a carrier oil, like MCT (a form of coconut oil).

CBD & THC – The Differences

The most widely known cannabinoids that are produced from the cannabis plant are CBD and THC (Tertrahydrocannabinol). Both these cannabinoids are found in cannabis, meaning most people associate them with getting high and being illegal, but that is not the case. THC is the compound that is responsible for the effects most associated with cannabis – getting high. THC is psychoactive, whilst CBD is not. CBD products contain very little THC – 0.2%. As long as they remain at this level or less, then it’s perfectly safe and legal. You get the benefits, without the high.

Benefits of CBD

There are many benefits to using CBD products, from alleviating physical pain, to helping reduce signs of depression and anxiety. CBD will never cure any pain or illness, but studies have shown the great results in reducing symptoms for many different conditions. These studies have suggested that CBD products are great to reduce symptoms for illness such as; multiple sclerosis, asthma, celiac disease, epilepsy, Crohn’s disease and many more. With these amazing benefits it’s no surprise that everyone is talking about CBD.

“Several studies show that CBD reduces chronic pain with muscle spasms, arthritis, and nerve pain,” says Taz Bhatia, M.D. “A study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine found that CBD use led to reduced levels of chronic pain and that patients didn’t develop the dangerous tolerance noted with opiate medications. Another study that looked at using a topical CBD oil found reduced arthritis pain.”

How CBD Works with the Body

Within our bodies we have something called the endocannabinoid system. It runs deep and touches all the major systems of our body. Cannabinoids usually found in cannabis interact with the endocannabinoid system, making changes to our bodies such as altering and regulating our moods or stimulating appetites and reducing pain. CBD is one of the cannabinoids which is highly reactive to the endocannabinoid system, as it binds to the receptors in the body. It stimulates all sorts of changes and these are mostly beneficial, such as reducing pain.

Most Popular CBD Products

CBD products are available in many different forms, how you take CBD is completely down to personal preference. As long as you are taking the correct strength for your needs, it doesn’t matter how you take it.

Its so easy to take CBD today – you can put a few drops into your favourite drink, spray it under your tongue, or can even vape it using electronic cigarettes.

CBD Oils

The most common form of CBD is CBD oil. This can be purchased in many different strengths and can be produced from both hemp and the cannabis plant. Always ensure you are purchasing a good quality oil before taking any of it.

Health and Beauty Products

Surprisingly enough, beauty products infused with CBD are a popular way for people to take it. With the many suggested benefits for your skin, this is a great way to ensure the products soaks directly in.

Vaporisers

CBD can be purchased in e-liquid form, which can then be used with any electronic cigarette and vaped easily throughout the day.

Edibles

There are many different products that fall under the edibles category; gummy sweets that can be consumed like a normal sweet, capsules which can be swallowed, and also drops/liquids that can be put into drinks.

Is CBD Legal?

As long as it contains less than 0.2% THC then the product is completely legal. Many people still struggle with the stigma surrounding CBD due to its association with cannabis, but it is a natural compound derived from a plant and is completely safe and 100 % legal to use.